Some sequences that are tough to separate from natural sources are generated in the laboratory routinely. Gene synthesis has insinuations for synthetic biology and it also familiarizes the chances of forming genes that comprise modified nucleotides that could permit the stretching of the genetic codes.
The Revolution Made by Gene Synthesis
The technologies of gene synthesis have managed to revolutionize biological research and so, students don’t confine themselves to the classical process of manipulating only one gene simultaneously. Today, they have got the ability to reprogram or design whole cells and genomes. People can synthesize freshly recognized vital genomes for accelerating vaccine development.
Gene synthesis helps people in engineering novel enzymes that would create sustainable biofuels. Additionally, it can help in improving crop yield and lessen the susceptibility of common plant diseases and pests which endanger the supplies of food and give rise to global hunger. Using gene synthesis people can make out and also break down the pollutants of the environment present in the water and soil. They can also develop some designer metabolic circuits through interchangeable synthetic portions.
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Getting Familiar with Protein Synthesis
Protein synthesis is considered the method of forming protein molecules. In a biological system, it includes transcription, amino acid synthesis, post-translation events, and translation. When the matter comes to amino acid synthesis, then you will come across many biochemical processes that use carbon sources, such as glucose for creating amino acids.
However, not every amino acid is created by the body as we get some amino acids from our diet too. Proteins get generated inside the cells that involve the translation and transcription processes. Transcription is the method in which the template of mRNA gets transcribed from DNA. Again, the template becomes useful for the succeeding step, which is translation. When it is the process of translation, then the freshly formed protein does undergo further processing, like protein folding, post-translation modification, and proteolysis.