Different Approaches of Agroecology
Agroecology can be separated into six categories and they are:
- Ecosystems agroecology – This approach is grounded on the theories that the natural system along with its resilience and stability propose the finest model to copy when sustainability turns into a goal.
- Agronomic ecology – This approach doesn’t involve social sciences directly in the analysis of agroecology but utilizes social sciences for understanding the processes through which agriculture turns unsustainable.
- Ecological political economy – This approach believes that only a radical transformation in the political economy plus moral economy can lessen the negative prices of modern agriculture.
- Agro-population ecology – This approach has been derived from the ecological science which is commonly founded on population ecology which has been relocating the ecosystems.
- Combined calculation of multifunctional agricultural systems – It concentrates on the landscape’s multifunctionality in place of concentrating only on the agricultural enterprise.
- Holon agroecology – Contrary to systems thinking, this approach lays stress on seeing the agricultural attempt as an incomplete accomplishment which is adjusting itself constantly to various contexts plus their conflicts.
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The Importance of Agroecology
The present challenges that agriculture faces that are posed by climate changes and food insecurity are really serious. There is an inconsistency of augmented production of food and rising hunger in the entire world. The food production system gets broken as people have been abolishing the fundamentals of agriculture with unmaintainable practices.
The IAASTD has concluded that business isn’t a choice anymore and the future of agriculture is highly dependent on agroecological and biodiverse farming which can meet economic, social, besides environmental goals plus maintain and augment productivity.
Therefore, agroecology is highly important as it can deliver productivity goals minus reducing the environment plus disempowering communities. The scope of agroecology makes use of ecological principles and concepts for designing and managing sustainable agricultural systems.
The Principles of Agroecology
The four historical principles of agroecology are:
- Biomass recycling – This is the first and the foremost principle of agroecology and it is biomass recycling in the form of a natural source of nutrients.
- Augmenting biotic and structural soil conditions – It includes lessening of pesticides and chemical fertilizers and also zero-tillage.
- Endorsing the utilization of sustainable resources – One of the principles of agroecology is endorsing the utilization of sustainable resources, like hydric, organic, and solar and lessening the use of oil.
- Encouraging genetic biodiversity within space and time – Agroecology promotes favorable synergies and biological interactions.
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