Mention Some Chemicals that are Used in Agriculture
Various kinds of chemicals that are useful for agriculture are as follows:
- Insecticides – Insecticides are helpful in killing bugs.
- Herbicides – Herbicides are useful for killing weeds.
- Harvest aids, desiccants, plant growth regulators, and soil fumigants.
- Fungicides – Fungicides are used for escaping from diseases.
- Natural pesticides – Pesticides aren’t confined to conventional agriculture only as organic farmers too use various natural pesticides for controlling diseases, insects, and weeds.
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What is Meant by Pesticides?
Pesticides are meant “getting rid of pests.” This is referred to every group and in the US alone, 80% of pesticides are used for crops, like soybeans, corn, sorghum, wheat, potatoes, cotton, grapes, tomatoes, peanuts, oranges, pears, lettuce, sugarcane, rice, apples, lemons, pecans, grapefruit, barley, sweet corn, and peaches.
The use of pesticides peaked in the year 1981 and it has witnessed a lower decline from that time. The reasons for the early rise comprise herbicide-resistant crops, no-till agriculture, and some crops, such as soybeans and corn that get placed over many acres. Again, reasons that led to the lessening of the use of pesticides comprise highly effective pesticides, improved technology of application, genetic engineering, and fresh methods of production, such as cover crops.
The Height of Crops Destruction by Pests, Weeds, and Diseases
In a period when no effectual processes were obtainable for controlling pests and diseases, numerous individuals starved to death as planthoppers managed to take a huge toll on the production of rice. So, in some nations, like Ireland, massive potato bling resulted in a destructive famine. According to earlier investigations, it has been proved that when regular practices of cultivation are used, then yielding of crops lessen remarkably without some effectual measures against pests and diseases.
Features of Farm Chemicals
Numerous farmers make it mandatory to utilize chemicals for keeping pests and weeds from destructing their crops as well as including them with more nutrients. Every pesticide is useful for killing various types of pests that are commonly available on farms. Farmers who do not use any type of chemical are known as organic farmers.