How To Cite a Poem

  Assignment Help  11th Jul 2022

The citation of poems raises the question of doing a specific assignment in the literature review. Whenever a student is assigned the task of analyzing few poems along with its meaning, then in that content they require to use some specific quotes that would support the claims and the statements of the student and would even avoid plagiarism. For this, they need to provide citations in the content along with providing the related references for the poem at the end of the content. In this case, formats of citing a poem depend on chosen writing styles. Basically, referencing styles, like MLA, APA, Harvard, and Chicago/Turabian formats, provide different information on it. Therefore, this article covers important aspects of how to cite poems in different formats. The writers of BookMyEssay provide the guidelines of How to cite a poem to the students.

Poems may be sources in academic papers. Unlike standard types of papers, structures of poems often require exclusive in-text citations. For example, if someone wants to get the answer to the question of how to cite poems, the American Psychological Association (APA) and Chicago/Turabian referencing styles have no regulations for poetry in-text citations. In turn, Harvard and Modern Language Association (MLA) styles have rules that authors should be conversant with to create correct citations. The students can access the Chicago manual-style citation generator from the experts of BookMyEssay.

Related Post: Chicago Manual Style Citation Generator

Citation of Poems

The citation of poems can be done in different formats and styles like MLA, APA, Harvard, etc. All these styles are discussed below:

General In-Text Citation The format for citing a poem in the MLA format citation is unique when compared to other referencing styles. Ideally, an MLA in-text citation employs the author-page format in answering how to cite poems. The However, there are three rules in MLA citation

Rule 1: Firstly, a poem that has an author and line numbers uses an in-text citation format. In this case, page numbers include line numbers. The use of line numbers allows writers to refer to a particular line. It is convenient when carrying out poetry analysis, for instance, Jonas 12. 

Rule 2: Secondly, students should cite a poem with only the author’s name and no line numbers by using the author’s name only. Basically, this in-text citation for poems does not allow for alternative means of identifying specific information except for the use of line numbers, for example, Jonas. 

Rule 3: Thirdly, a poem that has an author and line numbers but is subdivided into sections should provide a section identifier and the line numbers, which are separated by a period. In this case, a poem may cover acts, books, scenes, or other segments. Besides, it is crucial to identify subdivisions. The line number count may be reset at the beginning of each section, for example, Jonas 5.12. 

The writers of BookMyEssay always assist the students in Harvard referencing style for assignments

Short and Long Quotations By considering how to cite poems, in-text citations for short and long quotations must be covered. They are usually slightly different from standard in-text citations. Basically, short quotations that are more than one line in a poem require writers to identify the first and third lines quoted in the in-text citations. The MLA style limits short quotes to three or fewer lines in a verse. If an author quotes three lines, the second line number is excluded, and a dash used to signify the exclusion, for instance, Jonas 12-14.

We always offer quality APA reference generator tools to the students for easy writing.

Sample of a Works Cited entry for a poem in MLA: Whitman, Walt. Song of Myself. Masterbooks, 1973, pp. 1-56. 

Sample of a short quote for a poem in MLA: Whitman writes “I loafe and invite my soul, / I lean and loafe at my ease observing a spear of summer grass” (4-5). 

How to Cite Poems in Harvard Style 

Harvard style guide has a distinct citation approach in how to cite poems. For instance, citing poems covers the names of editors or the title of the anthology to maintain the author-date format. This rule suggests that the name of the poet is not included in the in-text citation. Instead, the name of the poet and poem’s title are inserted into the text of the cited sentence. The students can access the Assignment Help for APA Referencing style from the experts of BookMyEssay. As a result, a sample in-text citation in the Harvard style is: John Ibsen’s The Talking Car (Jackson et al. 2000, p. 5) came under much criticism in the 1990s because it went against the current poetry trends. Example of a reference entry for a poem in Harvard: Dickson, E. (2003) ‘In a library,’ in Poems Series One. Fairfield: 1st World Library, pp. 14-16. Example of an in-text citation of a poem in Harvard: “His quaint opinions to inspect, / His knowledge to unfold / On what concerns our mutual mind, / The literature of old” (Dickson, 2003, p. 14). 

Citing Poems in APA and Chicago/Turabian Formats 

APA and Chicago/Turabian styles have no unique techniques defined for citing poems. The guide of the APA format does not provide answers to questions of how to cite poems. Basically, the lack of rules to guide the development of APA citation implies that poetry sources adopt general APA citation format. Similarly, the Chicago style citation or Turabian format lacks any information on it. In this case, footnotes are provided for a poem’s citation without any additional considerations. In APA and Chicago/Turabian styles, citing poems covers citation rules for the ‘container.’ Sample of a reference entry for a poem in APA: Plath, S. (2020). Daddy. 

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